10 Things You Should Know About Type 1 Diabetes

By at December 19, 2010 | 4:09 pm | Print

10 Things You Should Know About Type 1 Diabetes

10 Things You Should Know About Type 1 Diabetes
BY Madeline Freivogel

1.  Type 1 diabetes usually strikes children, adolescents, and young adults, but it can be diagnosed in adults as well, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes.

2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas; therefore, the body does not produce insulin, which is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life

3. Only 5-10% of individuals with diabetes have type 1 form.

4. Individuals with diabetes must know nutritious facts about the food they are taking in, and continuously inject insulin into their bodies or infuse insulin through a pump. They must also test their blood sugars by pricking their fingers to draw blood at least six times a day.

5. Diabetics can experience hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). An individual without diabetes may experience such a feeling of hyperglycemia when taking in massive amounts of sugar. Both are serious conditions and may be life-threatening. 

6. Initial Symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include extreme thirst, frequent urination  such as waking up frequently in the night to urinate , fatigue, increases appetite with sudden weight loss, blurred vision, nausea, glucose found in the urine.

7. If type 1 diabetes is not diagnosed while experiencing initial symptoms, chemicals called ketones build in the blood producing more extreme symptoms such as vomiting, stomach pain, rapid breathing, rapid pulse, and drowsiness, a strong, fruity breath odor, or confusion.

8. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed through a urinalysis, fasting blood glucose test, insulin test, or C-peptide test.

9. Type 1 diabetes is where the body does not produce insulin at all, where type 2 diabetes is where the body does not make enough insulin or the body can not use the insulin immediately.

10. There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes, but studies are being done to find ways to prevent or delay diabetes in people who are high risk to get it.

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