10 Things You Should Know About Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
by Kristen Warner
1. Nicknamed the “Silent Killer” because most people don’t realize the symptoms.
2. Hypertension starts at a blood pressure of 140/ 90 and above
3. 140 represents the amount of pressure it takes to pump blood to the arteries. (Systolic pressure) 90 represents the pressure in the heart when the heart is done pumping. (Diastolic Pressure)
4. American Heart Association estimates that high blood pressure affects every 1 in 3 adults (roughly 73 million people. It also affects about 2 million adolescents.
5. Most common type of hypertension is essential hypertension. It can start because of a high salt diet, obesity, genetics, lack of exercise, high alcohol or coffee intake.
6. Some common symptoms of HIGH blood pressure are headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, blurred vision, difficulty breathing, and pounding in chest, neck, or ears.
7. Malignant Hypertension- when the diastolic pressure (the bottom number) exceeds 140 mmHg. Symptoms of malignant hypertension are severe headaches, nausea, dizziness, and sometimes kidney failure.
8. If any form of hypertension remains untreated, it can cause serious disease; such as heart attack, stroke (brain damage), kidney failure, and eye problems.
9. An easy start to lowering high blood pressure is to change your diet and exercise routine (low sodium intake, limited alcohol, and cardio for at least twenty minutes a day)
10. The most common form of medication for high blood pressure would be a BETA blocker or and ACE inhibitor. Different treatments are recommended based on family and medical history.
Information gathered from WebMD.com and medicinenet.com