10 Things You Should Know About Heart Disease

By at March 23, 2011 | 12:23 pm | Print

10 Things You Should Know About Heart Disease

10 Things You Should Know About Heart Disease
By Adna Rudan

    The number one cause of death in the United States is Heart Disease. Statistics show that every 34 seconds a person dies from heart disease in the United States. Women, especially African American women are more likely to be affected with this deadly heart disease than men. Women are also less likely to survive a heart attack than men. Usually women have smaller hearts and coronary vessels, which can complicate the surgery. Many heart attacks are beyond repair and may result in death. It is important that everyone recognizes the symptoms of this deadly disease and responds as quickly as possible (2). Here are 10 major things about heart disease and its prevention that everyone needs to know about:

1.        According to the American Heart Association, more than 910,000 people in the United States die every year from the heart disease. A heart attack is a main cause of death. There are many symptoms which lead to heart attack. These symptoms may include chest pain, which associates with tightness or discomfort in the chest area. Shortness of breath often goes along with the discomfort. Other areas of the upper body may also cause pain, where it escorts down to the arms and results in a tingling feeling in the wrist or hand. It may also be felt in the stomach, jaw, neck, shoulder, and back. Breaking out in a cold sweat, weakness, nausea, vomiting, light headiness may as well go along with the risk factors of the heart disease (5).

2.       The most risk factors include:

> High cholesterol (LDL)

> High blood pressure

> Obesity

> Physical inactivity

> Smoking

> Family history (genetics)

3.       High cholesterol – The leading risk factor for heart disease is high cholesterol. The statistics show that 80% of people who were diagnosed with heart attack have had high cholesterol. However, most of the people may not know they have high cholesterol, because high cholesterol does not show any symptoms. LDL (low density lipoprotein), also known as “bad” cholesterol, can deposit in the walls of the artery when presented in high levels. It can build up in the blood vessels that transport oxygenized blood from the heart to the body, and stop the blood from getting to the heart. A build up of cholesterol in the artery walls causes the artery to become less flexible. When a blood clot forms it can block an artery narrowed by plaque and may result in heart attack or stroke. When a blockage in the arteries decreases the blood and oxygen supply to the heart, the heart attack occurs (1).

4.         High blood pressure – High blood pressure can lead to increased arterial damage, where a person may develop atherosclerosis. High blood pressure is the leading factor for stroke. The arteries of the neck supply the brain with the blood. If these arteries become blocked, due to narrowing of the vessels a stroke occurs. Stroke can have a major affect on person’s body and mind. When high blood pressure is present with other risk factors like obesity, diabetics, LDL, or smoking, the risk for the heart disease is increased numerous times (4).

5.         Obesity and physical inactivity – Especially people who have too much fat around the mid area of the body are at higher risk developing high blood pressure, diabetes, LDL, heart disease, heart attack and stroke. Statistics show that the heart disease is twice likely to affect people who do not exercise regularly (5).

6.         Smoking, secondhand smoking – Avoid smoking and secondhand smoking. Consistent exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risks for non smokers. Smoking is the single and most preventable cause of death. Especially women who use birth control pills are at higher risks of heart attack and stroke (4).

7.          Family history (genetics) – Family history plays a major role in developing the heart disease. Heart disease is passed on through genetics. An individual is twice as likely to develop the heart disease. If their family (mother, father, sister, brother, grandmother or grandfather) has suffered from heart disease before.

8.          Treatments of Cardiovascular disease are medications and surgeries. Angiograms, bypass surgery and angioplasty are performed on patients that choose to go through these treatments. Many scientific studies corroborate lifestyle changes can make a big difference in people’s health which can prevent person from preceding these surgeries.

9.         Prevention is the key which almost every person can accomplish by healthy diet, exercise and not smoking. Within little as two weeks a person can change the blood sensitivity to insulin by eating more vegetables and fruits. People, who eat beans, at least four times a week have lower risk of developing heart disease. Here are some important facts that are important to maintain a healthy heart:

– Have your blood pressure checked regularly and keep it low.

– Eat healthier, eat less meat and lower your cholesterol, trans and saturated fats. Those fats may clog up arteries, which causes your heart to work harder than normal.

– Lower your intake of high-fat dairy products.

– Exercise regularly. It relieves persons stress levels and lowers your blood pressure, as well, it helps to burn fat and strengthens your immune system.

– Avoid smoking and secondhand smoking.

10.        Knowing your “Health Numbers” is very important (4). Many people can prevent heart disease by visiting their doctor regularly (3). Here are some important numbers you should know for heart health:

-Blood pressure should be 120 over 80 or less.

– Body mass index (BMI). The healthy range should be 18.5 to 24.9.


1. Genetics of Heart Disease. eHow health 2011. Web. 20 March 2011.

2. Mamas Health, 2000-2011 Web. Heart Disease Statistics. 20 March. 2011.

3. The early show, CBS 2011. Web. March 20 2011.

4. 10 Things You Should Know About Heart Disease. Shiff Nutrition Group. Web. 2011. 20 March 2011.

5.     10 for 10 2010: 10 Things You Should Know About Heart Disease. Harvard University. 2000-


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  1. what causes high cholesterol, 3 years ago Reply

    Great article on cholesterol and fat. Looks really good. Thank you for all the material you offer on this site for nothing. Keep it up.

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