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10 Things You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

By at March 24, 2011 | 6:42 pm | Print

10 Things You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

10 Things You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis (MS) 
By Iva Nikolova

1.Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that causes demyelination of axons, the parts of neurons where the electrical impulses are sent, and degeneration of nerve fibers. That interupts signals between the brain, spinal cord, and the entire part of the body depending of the nerve fibers affected.        

2. It is found that T-cells produced in the thymus and responsible for body defending can’t recognize self cells and attacked them. The immune system in these cases does not work properly.

3. Symptoms begin mostly with vision problems as blurred or double vision even blindness in one eye and muscle weakness. Sometimes patients experience difficulties with everyday duties because they can’t coordinate their movement.

 4. These symptoms could continue for years as they relieve and change. That fact makes the diagnostics difficult.

5. The causes for MS are poorly understood. It is known that the disease is found among the young people between 20-40 years old, mostly females and people living in temperate climate.

Other causes for MS are heredity and some microbes as Epstein-Barr virus, according to some studies.

6. The disease continues with periods of recovery (remissions) and worsening (relapses). The phases of remissions could be as long as couple of years or they could be incomplete. Some severe cases could develop very fast without any periods of remission.

7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can found the disease in it yearly stage when the symptoms are difficult for diagnostics.

8. The cure for the disease is not found. The goal of the therapy is to slow the progress of the disease and to prolong the phases of remissions.    

9. The treatment includes therapy with beta Interferon, Corticosteroids, Immunosuppressant and synthetic forms of myelin protein called Copaxone. Some drugs have serious side effects.

10. The prognosis of MS depends of the degree and of the nerves affected. The worse cases of MS can produce paralysis, loss of speaking and difficulties with thinking. The paralysis of the nerves controlling breathing is lethal.

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