There are three main eating disorders that a person can develop: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. Eating disorders can begin as a small part of a person’s life and slowly spiral out of control. Someone with any one of these disorders could be in great danger of developing various health problems. Generally these disorders affect teenage and young adult females, however they are also known to affect males as well. Let’s take a look into these three disorders that affect the population.
Anorexia Nervosa is the first type of eating disorder we will take a look into. Someone with Anorexia Nervosa has a fear of weight gain. The disorder may start off as a diet, but the intense feeling of controlling it will overcome them to the point of constantly obsessing over food, weight, and exercise. The person won’t see themselves the way others do. Their view is distorted by the disorder. Starvation and over exercising are major players in this disorder. Trying to stay at a weight that is under their recommended body weight is usually their goal which can lead to becoming dangerously thin. It is not known what exactly causes Anorexia Nervosa, however it can be linked to emotional problems. The earlier a person begins treatment for this disorder, the better chance they will have of overcoming it. Depression, heart problems, and Osteoporosis are just a few of the medical problems that Anorexia Nervosa can cause. Medical treatment (based off of what damage has been done) and counseling are a couple of ways that a person can be treated to overcome this disorder.
Bulimia Nervosa is a different type of eating disorder. Someone with this disorder will usually be at a normal weight. They share the same fear of weight gain as someone with Anorexia Nervosa. A person with this will generally binge (eat a lot of food in a small amount of time) and then find a way to get rid of it. Vomiting, using laxatives, and over exercising are few of the ways they do this. Bulimia Nervosa usually leads to the feelings of disgust and shame. One will secretly binge and then feel terribly guilty about what they just ate, so then they will purge so that they feel better about getting rid of those calories. This has to do with feeling in control of the situation. Vomiting alone can cause multiple health problems. Acid left in the mouth can lead to problems such as decaying teeth, tooth enamel loss, or even gum disease. Kidney and heart problems, Osteoporosis, and loss of life are other dangerous health problems that can occur. Treatment for this disorder are similar to treatment for Anorexia Nervosa.
The third major eating disorder is called Binge Eating Disorder. This one has been more recently recognized as an actual disorder. Compulsive overeating resulting in weight gain is what this disorder is about. It has been found to have an affect on about as many males as it does females and is thought to be the most commonly seen disorder of the three. Due to various stresses or emotional instability, a person will use food to deal with this. Food gives a temporary sense of comfort. Usually someone with this will never have learned how to deal with stress properly. They will eat large amounts of food and unlike Bulimia Nervosa, they don’t usually try to get rid of it (vomiting or laxatives). Generally this disorder is can be treated by counseling, therapy, or various medications.
All of these eating disorders are very serious and should be treated as so. If you believe that someone you know has one of these disorders you should try to get them help immediately. The sooner they are treated, the better their chance for a healthy recovery.
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